Most U.S. children are using cosmetics and physique care merchandise that might comprise carcinogens and different toxic chemical compounds, a brand new study has discovered.
About 70 p.c of fogeys surveyed stated that their children use gadgets corresponding to glitter, face paint, nail polish, lip gloss and perfumes which might be marketed for teenagers, in response to the analysis, revealed on Tuesday within the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
Such merchandise typically characteristic vibrant colours, animals and cartoon characters that serve “to draw the eye of children,” the authors famous.
At the identical time, they warned, analysis has proven that many of those merchandise comprise toxins corresponding to lead, asbestos, phthalates, formaldehyde and per- and polyfluorinated substances (PFAS), often known as “perpetually chemical compounds” as a result of their persistence within the surroundings and human physique.
Such toxins may be notably dangerous to infants and children, with some linked to most cancers, neurodevelopmental hurt and different irreversible well being penalties, the researchers confused.
“It is vital to uncover how make-up and physique merchandise are being utilized by children to characterize threat and enhance security,” wrote the authors, from Columbia University’s Center for Children’s Environmental Health and the Washington, D.C.-based group Earthjustice.
The researchers administered a 39-question survey within the New York, Boston and Houston areas to folks and guardians of youngsters ages 12 and below about their use of children’s make-up and physique merchandise.
Among the 312 children of 207 survey respondents, 219 — or 70 p.c — have used such merchandise.
Fifty-four p.c of children stated they used these things no less than month-to-month, whereas 12 p.c reported using them every day, in response to the study. Twenty-two p.c of youngsters stated that they use the merchandise for greater than eight hours at a time.
Older children utilized the merchandise at larger charges than youthful youngsters, and women used them greater than boys, the researchers discovered.
The product hottest amongst children was face paint — with 60 p.c of respondents reporting use. Approximately 44 p.c of the youngsters stated they used hair merchandise, whereas 41 p.c used different facial cosmetics, 32 p.c utilized nail polish and 30 p.c wore lip make-up, in response to the study.
The researchers additionally recognized variations in the usage of make-up and physique merchandise amongst children from totally different communities and cultures.
Children of Hispanic/Latinx dad and mom and guardians used make-up and physique merchandise extra typically and for shorter durations than children of non-Hispanic dad and mom and guardians, in response to the study.
“Childhood publicity to dangerous make-up and physique product elements may also be thought-about an environmental justice problem, as communities of colour could also be extra seemingly to make use of these merchandise,” the authors said.
About half of all youngsters that reported using children’s make-up and physique merchandise stated that they used them for play. Children from Hispanic/Latinx households cited play as their goal for using these merchandise extra ceaselessly than their non-Hispanic friends, in response to the study.
Kids from Hispanic/Latinx households have been additionally extra seemingly to make use of lip and hair merchandise, in addition to fragrances, the authors discovered.
“Marginalized communities experiencing disparate ranges of publicity, compounded by delicate intervals of publicity, symbolize an environmental injustice that warrants additional investigation,” the researchers said.
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The authors acknowledged the comparatively small measurement of their study and that oversampling by particular social networks may have occurred as a result of chain referrals by members — making the study much less consultant on a nationwide stage.
However, the survey’s availability in a number of languages allowed for broader inclusion and generated outcomes which might be “ preface for future, larger-scale research,” the researchers argued.
Such future research, the authors added, may assist “additional tackle children’s use of each grownup merchandise and children’s merchandise, in addition to considerations concerning toxicity and environmental injustice.”